A chest infection is an infection that affects either the airways (bronchitis) or the narrower air sacs of the lungs (pneumonia). A form of respiratory infection that affects the lower part of the respiratory tract is a chest infection. The bronchi and lungs belong to the lower respiratory tract. Bronchitis and pneumonia are the two most prevalent forms of chest infection. Chest infections can range from mild to extreme in any location. Pus and fluid (mucus) build up, and the airways get bloated, making it impossible for the person to breathe. People of all ages can be affected by chest infections. Also who are sick and smokers, young children and the elderly are particularly at risk. Ignoring chest infection or chest related issues can lead to severe problems, therefore one must consult lung specialist / lung surgeon in Delhi/ nearby place as soon as possible.
Let’s have a deeper insight about Chest Infection.
A bacterial or viral infection may cause a chest infection. Depending on the type of illness, the exact cause will depend. For instance, a virus also causes bronchitis, while most cases of pneumonia are of bacterial origin. Through inhaling the respiratory droplets that are produced when someone with an infection coughs or sneezes, a person can catch a chest infection. That’s how the virus is carried by the respiratory droplets. Additionally, the infection can also spread by getting into contact with a substance that is infected with the virus or bacteria and then touching the mouth or face.
In winter and spring, pneumonia is more common. It can hit unexpectedly or slow down over a couple of days. The signs depend on the age, the infection’s origin and severity, and any other medical conditions a person might have.
Symptoms are as follow:
- Quick or challenging breathing
- Coughing of phlegm (brown /grey coloured)
- Fever (sweating, shivering, chills)
- Sensation of being unwell
- Pain in the chest
- Specific pains and aches
- Loss of appetite
- A child can vomit, have diarrhoea, and be lethargic or irritable.
- Cyanosis (bluish hue around lips)
Most of the patients with bronchitis when treated, make a successful recovery at home. The determination of pneumonia seriousness can be complicated. Most of the patients can be treated with basic antibiotics at home. Many assessed as serious may require referral to the intensive care unit, usually with life-threatening disease. The patient will be prescribed drugs by the doctor or lung surgeon / lung specialist in Delhi /near to place of residence of one needs to get through this disease. Some individuals, particularly young children and the elderly, who are at increased risk of medical complications, need to be taken to the hospital for further care. It would be important to check with your local doctor within 48 hours, especially if you are not recovering, and again within six weeks to make sure you have completely recovered.
The lung specialist may examine symptoms and conduct a physical test to assess the disease, during which they may use a stethoscope and listen to heart and lungs while one breathes. To ascertain the position and seriousness of the infection, the doctor can order a chest X-ray.
Therefore, it is strongly advisable to consult a doctor in case of any seriousness or emergency and take all the necessary precaution advised by the doctor.