Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), is a collection of lung diseases that is common by destruction of alveolar structure, steadily over a long time. Airflow blockage is the characteristic of several chronic inflammatory disorders. COPD patients are more susceptible to be diagnosed with heart issues, though these may not be directly linked, but make the overall management tricky. It does not have a cure, but with good management and therapy by experienced lung surgeon in Delhi or in other metropolitan cities, the patient may get relieved/partially or completely of their symptoms, lower their chance of developing other diseases, and live a healthy and meaningful life.
Causes of COPD
- Though cigarette smoking is one of the leading causes of COPD, there are a number of additional variables that contribute to the disease’s development. The majority of persons who develop COPD are over the age of 40 and have a history of smoking. COPD is also caused by genetic predisposition and other irritants.
- Smokers, irrespective of type, i.e. cigarettes, cigars, marijuana, or even pipes are at a greater risk of getting COPD. COPD can also develop in persons who themselves are non-smokers, but are continuously exposed to second-hand smoking.
- Asthma sufferers – Asthma is a chronic lung condition that might increase a person’s chance of developing COPD.
- Long-term exposure to irritants such as vapour, fumes, chemicals, and dust in the workplace can irritate the lungs and contribute to the development of COPD.
- Also, long-term exposure to home smoke generated by the combustion of fuels such as wood, agricultural waste, and animal dung contributes to the development of COPD.
Symptoms of COPD
A person’s ability to breathe is hampered by COPD. Symptoms may appear minor at first, but as the condition progresses, they may become severe, frequent, or continuous. People may not identify the early signs and symptoms of COPD, therefore it is often not recognized until the illness has progressed to an advanced level. The following symptoms are associated with COPD:
- Mucus production that is excessive (phlegm)
- Chest Tighten
- Dyspnoea (shortness of breath) following exercise or simply climbing a few flights of stairs
- Infections of the lungs, such as the common cold and flu, occur often.
COPD is often accompanied by a slew of other health issues. COPD patients are more likely to be diagnosed with any of the following conditions:
- Infections in the lungs
- Lung cancer
- High blood pressure
- Problems with the heart
In compliance with an in-depth examination of your condition by a doctor, few tests may be required to confirm the diagnosis of COPD. One of the most basic and important is a spirometry test which determines pulmonary functions. It is also known as Pulmonary Function Test (PFT). It measures the speed and volume of breath a person can blow out of their lungs and is one of the most accurate functional test to diagnose COPD. Pulse Oximetry is an non-invasive test that is routinely used to assess how much oxygen is present in a person’s blood (oxygen saturation). Other tests like few blood investigations, peak flow tests, ECG, chest X-ray, CT scan can all aid in the diagnosis of COPD and also determining its severity.
Well, COPD is a chronic illness that need long-term management and has a major influence on a person’s lifestyle. It is easier to be prepared if you have a strategy in place for crises. COPD shortens life expectancy, but with medication and symptom control, it is possible to live a more pleasant life with this chronic illness. An experienced lung surgeon in Delhi / near to your home will be the right person to assess a person’s health and provide a better consultation.