Lung cancer is caused by damage to the lung’s natural cells. To stop overgrowth, the body programs cells to die at a certain point in their life cycle. Cancer overrides this command, thereby allowing cells to replicate and expand when they shouldn’t. This pattern of cell overgrowth arises in lung cancer, which involves the lungs, which are vital organs for breathing and gas exchange. Although anyone can develop lung cancer, cigarette smoking and ozone exposure greatly raise the risk of lung cancer after which individual should immediately consult to lungs specialist in Delhi/ nearby place possible.
Non-smokers account for roughly half of all Indians afflicted with lung cancer. Indoor and outdoor air pollution, which involves coal and wood combustion, has been related to an increase in lung cancer cases among non-smokers in India. Lung cancer deaths in India are mostly due to a lack of understanding, delayed diagnosis, and a lack of specialist treatment. The majority of lung cancer patients in India are discovered at a late stage, with slim odds of long term survival.
Lung Cancer Risk Factors
Several risk factors have been discovered in experiments that can raise the odds of contracting lung cancer. There are some of them:
Smoking– The most significant risk factor for lung cancer is cigarette smoking. Tobacco smoke is a poisonous combination of over 7,000 compounds, at least 70 of which are believed to cause cancer. Cigarette users are 15 to 30 times more likely to contract lung cancer. Second hand smoking is almost as dangerous and can cause lung cancer.
Exposure to Chemicals- Radon is a naturally occurring gas that comes from rocks and soil that can get embedded in homes and structures. Since it cannot be seen, tasted, or smelled, it has the potential to cause lung cancer.
Family History- If your parents, brothers or sisters, had lung cancer, your risk of lung cancer will be increased.
Other Substances- Chemicals such as asbestos, arsenic, certain kinds of silica, and chromium can affect your lungs and increase your risk of lung cancer if you are exposed to them at work.
Lung cancer late signs and symptoms include:
Lung cancer signs can take years to emerge, and in many cases, there are no symptoms at all until the condition is advanced (suggesting that the tumour has gone beyond the confines of the thoracic cavity to distant organs):
- Swelling of the neck and face
- Bones or knees that hurt
- Dizziness and headaches
- Lumps in Neck
- Swelling and pain in the chest
Therefore, it is strongly advisable to consult lungs specialist in Delhi/ nearby place possible whether you have any of the aforementioned signs or are at high risk of contracting lung cancer. Early detection of lung cancer will save a person’s life and improve their odds of survival.