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A thymoma is not so uncommon form of thymus gland tumor. The thymus is a gland in the chest that helps immune cells (lymphocytes) mature during childhood. It is positioned in the anterior mediastinum (the space between the two lungs and the sternum). During childhood, the thymus gland becomes more extensive, peaks at puberty (about 40 grams), and thereafter decreases in size gradually.

The thymus is usually made up of lymphoid cells (immune cells or lymphocytes) and lining cells (epithelial cells). Thymoma is a kind of tumor that arises from the thymus’ epithelial or lining cells. Thymic neoplasms include thymomas and thymic carcinomas, as well as other cancers of the thymus. Thymomas are benign tumors of the thymus that develop slowly and seldom extend beyond the thymus. Thymic carcinomas are aggressively growing thymic tumors that can spread to other organs. A thymoma affects less than one in every 1.5 million people. 

Thymic carcinomas are highly uncommon, accounting for just 0.06 percent of all thymic malignancies.

Treatment options for Thymoma

Complete surgical excision of the tumor as well as the entire thymus gland is by far the most successful therapy for Thymoma, and it gives the highest chance of a cure. It is typically easy to remove the entire tumor if the tumor is confined within the thymus gland (encapsulated).

Thymus gland tumors can sometimes spread to adjacent tissues. The full extent of the tumor, on the other hand, is typically only adequately evaluated following surgery.

The effectiveness of the operation is determined by the tumor’s specific features and exact location; tumors that can be entirely removed have a greater cure rate. Radiation treatment, chemotherapy, and targeted therapy medicines have been utilized in conjunction with surgical resection if all evidence of illness cannot be eliminated and microscopic, or if part of tumor persists after surgery.

The outcome for thymoma surgery is determined by the tumor’s stage and the completeness of tumor removal. Thymic carcinomas are more aggressive than thymomas and have a poorer prognosis. Thymomas are slow-growing tumors with a favourable to excellent prognosis for people with stage 1 or stage 2 thymoma. Because of the small number of patients diagnosed with this tumor, it’s difficult to establish accurate survival rates based on stage. It has been proved beyond doubt that surgical excision is the best possible treatment.

Hence, for the most effective treatment and consultation, visit experienced thoracic surgeon in Delhi/ nearby possible. The surgeon will extensively examine your medical condition and accordingly he/she will recommend the type of surgery/treatment option for you.