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Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery, or VATS, is a kind of thoracoscopic surgery. It’s a form of thoracic surgery done with a little incision. Video-assisted thoracic surgery is used mostly in treatment of lung cancer, pleural effusion, and other chest and lung issues. At least one tiny chest incision is required for the VATS surgery. To see the interior of the chest, thoracic surgeon inserts a thoracoscope with a small camera. A monitor receives images from the camera. Treatments can also be performed by inserting specific tools via the incisions. Many various lung disorders& their treatment have been transformed through VATS.

VATS is a procedure that does have its own set of risks and consequences. One should weigh all his options before undergoing surgery, and choose with reasonable and detailed information.

VATS is used to treat various problems/diseases:

  • To detect cancer and other illnesses, a biopsy is a procedure that involves taking a tissue sample and examining it under a microscope.
  • A lobectomy is a surgical procedure that removes a significant portion of the lung.
  • Treatment of disorders in the region between the lungs and central chest wall (mediastinum)
  • Pericardial treatments are used to address issues in the heart’s surrounding peel (pericardium).
  • Sympathectomy is a procedure used to treat diseases involving the sympathetic nervous system (hyperhidrosis).
  • Thoracentesis is a procedure that involves draining excess fluid from the gap between the lungs and the chest wall (pleural space)
  • Thymus operations are used to address issues with the thymus gland like myasthenia gravis, thymoma, etc. which is situated in the chest just beneath the breast bone.

Types of VATS

  • Multiport VATS: multiple small incisions/holes
  • Uniport VATS: single small incision
  • Subxiphoid VATS: small  incision in central subcoastal area, can be many (multiport) or single (uniport)

What is the purpose of VATS?

To address a range of chest and lung issues, your doctor or experienced thoracic surgeons in Delhi/ or of other cities may prescribe video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. If alternative treatment choices with a lower risk of problems have failed, your doctor may recommend VATS for you. Inquire about all of your diagnostic and treatment choices with your doctor.

VATS may be recommended by your doctor to diagnose or treat:

  • Hyperhidrosis, Raynaud’s syndrome, and Buerger’s disease are all chronic sympathetic nervous system disorders.
  • Chest infections, such as pneumonia occasionally
  • Empyema is a pus-filled pocket between the lungs and the chest wall (pleural space)
  • Oesophageal disorders, such as GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) and oesophageal muscle issues (achalasia)
  • An accumulation of extra fluid in the gap between the lungs and the chest wall is known as pleural effusion (pleural space)
  • Pneumothorax is a lung collapse caused by a accumulation of air between the lungs and the chest wall (pleural gap).
  • Diaphragm injuries, airway injuries, and foreign bodies, all can be a consequence of trauma.
  • Tumours of the lungs, oesophagus, thymus, and chest cavity, both malignant and noncancerous

Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery is performed by thoracic surgeons. Thoracic surgeons are experts in the surgical treatment of disorders of the chest wall, mediastinal structures, lungs, and oesophagus in the chest. Hence, it is advisable to look for experienced thoracic surgeons in Delhi or nearby place possible for successful Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery.